For example, Freud has been criticized for producing case studies in which the information was sometimes distorted to fit the particular theories about behavior (e.g. This is also true of Money’s interpretation of the Bruce/Brenda case study (Diamond, 1997) when he ignored evidence that went against his theory. However important the issue under investigation psychologists need to remember that they have a duty to respect the rights and dignity of research participants.descriptive) data a lot depends on the interpretation the psychologist places on the information she has acquired. In The Pelican Freud Library (1977), Vol 8, Case Histories 1, pages 169-306 Freud, S. Bemerkungen über einen Fall von Zwangsneurose (Der "Rattenmann").
Interpreting the information means the researcher decides what to include or leave out.
A good case study should always make clear which information is the factual description and which is an inference or the opinion of the researcher.
The method is therefore important for psychologists who adopt a holistic point of view (i.e. Because a case study deals with only one person/event/group we can never be sure whether the conclusions drawn from this particular case apply elsewhere.
The results of the study are not generalizable because we can never know whether the case we have investigated is representative of the wider body of "similar" instances Because they are based on the analysis of qualitative (i.e.
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Research which only looks into the measurable aspects of human behavior is not likely to give us insights into the subjective dimension to experience which is so important to psychoanalytic and humanistic psychologists.
Case studies are often used in exploratory research.
The purpose of these codes of conduct is to protect research participants, the reputation of psychology and psychologists themselves.
Moral issues rarely yield a simple, unambiguous, right or wrong answer.