Creation Of Nunavut Essay

As a result of the changing feelings toward self-government, in 1983, the Special Committee of the House of Commons on Indian Self Government was created specifically in an effort to shift power back in to the hands of Indigenous people; particularly in areas where they were the majority.The committee came out with a report recommending that First Nations be recognized as their own form of government which came to be known as the Penner report.[3] Moving on, also happening at the time were major decisions in regard to land claims for indigenous communities.

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With Ittinuar, Inuit gained another important national stage where they could discuss publicly their dream of a new territory.

In April 1982, supported by a majority of aboriginal and Inuit MLAs at the Yellowknife Legislative Assembly, a plebiscite was held in the Northwest Territories to decide on the question of dividing the Northwest Territories. In November 26, 1982, the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, John Munro, announced in the House of Commons that the federal government supported in principle the division of the Northwest Territories and the creation of Nunavut.

This is socially significant as an Indigenous group in Canada were able to live their life a more traditional way.

Lastly, in the new territory the Inuit were self-governing, meaning they were also able to have a substantial amount of political power over themselves and how they live.[2] In What Context Was Nunavut Created?

On April 1, 1999, the new territory of Nunavut was born, finally making the controversial dream of the Northwest Territories' Inuit a reality.

It meant the Inuit gained self-rule and control over their own institutions.

This was the result of years of lobbying Ottawa and numerous plebiscites overwhelmingly in favour of self-determination.

But along with the territory come the challenges: combating suicide, reversing assimilation and regaining a sense of identity.

We were negotiating the claims here, and we were pursuing Nunavut through other means.

Nunavut, or “Our Land” in Inuktitut, encompasses over 2 million km2 and has a population of 35,944 residents (2016 census), approximately 85 per cent of whom are Inuit.


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