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Rational people want to have true beliefs, and they want not to have false beliefs.And the best way to be[br]rational in this way is to form beliefs only when you find good reasons for them.First, she might say, "I can't stand him, and I want to have a good time." Second, she might say,[br]"Well, he's really shy, and he rarely goes to parties." And third, she might say, "He's in Beijing, and it's impossible to get here from[br]Beijing in an afternoon." The first response that she gives you does not give you a good reason to believe that Monty won't be at the party.
This skill of discernment is critical in today’s advertising rich world.
Chloe’s thoughts: For one who was, “not too interested” in learning about logic she very much enjoyed the Art of Argument and is looking forward to finishing it up.
If he's really shy and[br]rarely goes to parties, then it's probable that he[br]won't be at tonight's party.
Similarly, the third reason[br]also gives you a good reason to believe that[br]Monty won't be at the party.
So critical thinking is making sure we have good reasons for our beliefs, and so one of the essential[br]skills that you learn when you're studying[br]critical thinking is how to distinguish good reasons[br]for believing something from bad reasons for believing something.
Now, it's worth saying something about how I'm using the term "good" here.
I love the indepth approach and the focus on critical thinking.
I am also grateful for for the “advertising” pages within the book that teaches a student to look for fallacies/logical errors within the ads.
I teach at Northern Illinois University, and this is an introduction[br]to critical thinking. And third, what's the difference between deductive and ampliative arguments? Well, fundamentally, critical thinking is about making sure that you have good reasons for your beliefs. So suppose that you and your friend are talking about who's[br]gonna be at tonight's party.
In this lesson, we're gonna[br]talk about three things. And she says to you, quite confidently, "Monty won't be at the party." You're not sure whether[br]or not to believe her, so it would be natural[br]for you to follow up by asking, "Why do you think so?