It is a way of thinking in which you don't simply accept all arguments and conclusions you are exposed to but rather have an attitude involving questioning such arguments and conclusions.
It requires wanting to see what evidence is involved to support a particular argument or conclusion.
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Try it risk-free Critical thinking is a term that we hear a lot, but many people don't really stop to think about what it means or how to use it.
They realize that no matter how skilled they are as thinkers, they can always improve their reasoning abilities and they will at times fall prey to mistakes in reasoning, human irrationality, prejudices, biases, distortions, uncritically accepted social rules and taboos, self-interest, and vested interest. But much of our thinking, left to itself, is biased, distorted, partial, uninformed or down-right prejudiced.
Yet the quality of our life and that of what we produce, make, or build depends precisely on the quality of our thought.This lesson will tell you exactly what it means and make you realize that the average person largely ignores critical thinking.Critical thinking means making reasoned judgments that are logical and well-thought out.For this reason, the development of critical thinking skills and dispositions is a life-long endeavor.They work diligently to develop the intellectual virtues of intellectual integrity, intellectual humility, intellectual civility, intellectual empathy, intellectual sense of justice and confidence in reason.People who use critical thinking are the ones who say things such as, 'How do you know that?Is this conclusion based on evidence or gut feelings?Critical thinking — in being responsive to variable subject matter, issues, and purposes — is incorporated in a family of interwoven modes of thinking, among them: scientific thinking, mathematical thinking, historical thinking, anthropological thinking, economic thinking, moral thinking, and philosophical thinking.Critical thinking can be seen as having two components: 1) a set of information and belief generating and processing skills, and 2) the habit, based on intellectual commitment, of using those skills to guide behavior.Shoddy thinking is costly, both in money and in quality of life.Excellence in thought, however, must be systematically cultivated.