Deforestation Case Study

Deforestation Case Study-84
The climate conditions of the area adjacent to the forest have supported the development of the cultivation of tea, one of the main national agricultural products.Maasai Mara National Reserve and Lake Nakuru National Park, two famous tourist destinations, take advantage of the rivers that pass through them and that have their sources in the Mau Forest.

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The paper shows how deforestation is the outcome of different and simultaneous dynamics where the political system has played a pivotal role: all the typical proximate causes of deforestation – namely agriculture, wood extraction and infrastructure (Geist, Lambin, 2001) – have been at work in the Mau Forest and all these drivers were deeply influenced by political factors. Google(); req('single_work'); $('.js-splash-single-step-signup-download-button').one('click', function(e){ req_and_ready('single_work', function() ); new c. The proximate causes of the deforestation are three: agriculture, wood production and infrastructures.The forest was declared a Crown Land in the 1930s, and then gazetted as a Forest Reserve twenty years later.Mau Complex has been subjected to drastic deforestation since the colonial era and especially in the fifteen years before the promulgation of the Forest Act (2005).In this context of pressure on natural resources, local communities have developed different projects to reduce deforestation and promote alternative development strategies, especially through the Community Forest Associations (CFAs).These dynamics show that deforestation is a complex issue whose solutions lie primarily outside the forest itself and that it should be tackled with suitable policies on crucial issues such as land, agriculture, infrastructure and indigenous peoples.Elgon) forests; they are currently estimated around 40,000 individuals in the whole country.Ogiek had strong and frequent relationships with the Maasai and the Kalenjin people, with whom they now share some linguistic traits.The region of the Mau Forest was and still is an area inhabited by various ethnic groups.The Ogiek, an indigenous hunter-gatherer group, are considered the historical forest dwellers of Mau (and Mt.


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