Since 1990 there have been over 40 countries that have abolished the death penalty for all crimes.
In Africa, Ivory Coast and Liberia; in the Americas, Canada, Mexico and Paraguay; in Asia and the Pacific, Bhutan, Samoa, Turkmenistan and Philippines; in Europe and the Caucasus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Armenia, Serbia, Turkey, Cyprus and Montenegro.
They believe that it lowers the value of a human life and brutalizes our society.
Abolition has often been adopted due to political change when countries shifted from dictatorship to democracy or when it became an entry condition for the European Union.
Retentionists claim that the brutality of capital punishment serves a greater purpose than merely putting an end to the convicted person’s life.
It creates fear in the minds of those who might be contemplating capital crimes.According to data in 2005, there are 74 countries that retain the death penalty, 28 who have no executions or convictions for over ten years, 9 that maintain the death penalty for exceptional circumstances and 89 that abolished for all crimes.The death penalty exercises the most primal instinct to kill and extract revenge.There are various kinds of capital punishment prevalent.Some of the most common are: hanging-when the convicted is put to death by suspension by the neck; electric chair- when the convicted is put to death by strapping him to a chair and electrocuted through electrodes placed on the body; lethal injection-when a lethal drug is injected into the convicted’s blood stream; firing squad-when a person is tied up and blind folded and made to stand against the wall and a couple of gunmen aim fire directly at his heart, and the gas chamber-where the convicted is put in a room with a deadly gas and it spreads across the room.Historically, the penalty is used in cases of murder, espionage, rape, adultery, homosexuality, political corruption (apostasy), and / or - do not follow the official religion in countries theocratic.It is abolished in almost all countries in Europe and Oceania.In North America, it was abolished in Canada and Mexico and in some states in the United States.In South America, Brazil, Chile and Peru maintains the legal death penalty in exceptional cases, such as war crimes.Some cite religious books like the Bible as the reason to continue with this atrocity because the Bible requires the death penalty for a wide range of crimes, murder and homosexual behaviour.Supporters also believe that the penalty is justified in keeping with the principle of retribution something akin to an eye for an eye ideology.