Socialization is the process through which the individual learns to become an accepted member of the society.
At birth the neonate is neither social nor unsocial.
The child begins interaction with his mother first, then with his father and subsequently with other members of the family. It involves the multiplicity of processes as it involves the multiplicity of social norms.
It involves the various roles which the individual has to play in order to fulfil the expectations of the society.
Because of this helplessness at birth he has to depend on other social beings for his care and welfare.
As he grows in a social environment and in a social context, he develops various types of behaviour which are called social and gradually grows to become a social animal.Our coach says that I can become a good spin bowler.I work hard at my game and hope to play for my country some day. When he accepts these willingly rather than as a matter of compulsion he is said to be socialized.The child’s behaviour is modified and remodified to conform to the expectations held by the members of the groups of which he is a member.He learns the social norms, how to behave with the teachers and show respect to them, how to deal with the class mates.In this way as he grows and grows and reaches adulthood he comes across varied agents of socialization who mould his personality in the manner the society wants.Not only the parental influence and the influence of the other adults also the neighbourhood is of tremendous value in the socialization of the child.Besides the effects of books, radio, TV and motion pictures are of tremendous value for the moral and social development of the child.Not only the parental influence, and the influence of other adults but also the neighbourhood is of tremendous value in the socialization of the child.Through the process of socialization the various values, codes, norms and mores of the society become a part of his personality, part of his personal values.