In preparing figures, communication and readability must be the ultimate criteria.
Use software like Graphic Converter or Photoshop to convert color photographs to black and white before printing on a laser printer.
Otherwise most printers will produce an image with poor contrast.
For the sake of readability, no more than five variables should be compared in a single pie graph.
The segments should be ordered very strictly: beginning at twelve o’clock, order them from the largest to the smallest, and shade the segments from dark to light (i.e., the largest segment should be the darkest).
The percentage of GDP from IT increased quite sharply to 12 in 1998 and then nearly 15 in 2000, while the Service Industry stayed nearly the same, increasing to only 8 per cent.
At the end of the period, the percentage of GDP from IT was almost twice that of the Service Industry.At the beginning of the period, in 1992, the Service Industry accounted for 4 per cent of GDP, whereas IT exceeded this, at just over 6 per cent.Over the next four years, the levels became more similar, with both components standing between 6 and just over 8 per cent.Lines and dots can be used for shading in black and white documents.Charts are used to represent the components of larger objects or groups (e. a tribal hierarchy), the steps in a process (as in a flow-chart), or the schematics of an object (the components of a cell phone).Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.On this page you will find a model answer for an IELTS bar chart.This chart is over time, so it uses the 'language of change'.For more information, please consult the As tables supplement the text, so should each figure.Graphs are good at quickly conveying relationships like comparison and distribution.