Gangs Research Paper

Instead of providing a precise definition here, some general criteria that can be taken into consideration are offered (Mohammed, 2007; Sánchez-Jankowski, 2003; Wortley 2010): In the above respects, youth gangs are similar to other social groups.One widely used benchmark for assessing whether a given social group is a 'youth gang' is the engagement by group members in delinquent or criminal behaviour, some of which may involve violence (as well as fear and intimidation), on a regular basis (Wortley, 2010).

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The majority of the theoretical knowledge and empirical work on youth gangs has come from the United States.

Although there are advantages in learning from the American experience, there is a danger in assuming that the cause(s) and structure of gangs are the same in the United States and in Canada.

Theoretical and empirical research and evaluation efforts continue with the goal of better understanding and responding to this issue.

Advances have been made in defining the nature of youth gangs and their activities, the motivations for joining, and the risk and protective factors that influence involvement in a gang lifestyle.

While a precise measure of youth gang involvement and prevalence of their activities in Canada is not currently available, in the last number of years strides have been made in understanding affiliation among several key populations, namely Aboriginal youth, immigrant youth and young women.

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Greater insight into specific risk factors, pathways to involvement and desistance, and guidance for prevention and intervention efforts can assist in the future development of solutions to address youth gang involvement and gang-related activities in Canada. Wiley Online Library requires cookies for authentication and use of other site features; therefore, cookies must be enabled to browse the site.Detailed information on how Wiley uses cookies can be found in our Privacy Policy.Motivations for gang involvement may include any number of the following (as described in Dunbar, 2016): It is important to highlight that individuals join gangs for a variety of reasons, and these are not exclusive of one another.The decision to join is often well thought out and the individual believes that this is best for their interests at the moment (Sánchez-Jankowski, 2003).Public Safety Canada is committed to developing and disseminating knowledge to address the issue of youth gangs in Canada.To implement effective prevention and intervention strategies, we must start by understanding the nature and scope of the problem.So, while researchers, evaluators and practitioners in the area may need to define 'youth gang', it is also important to be aware of the possible consequences that a definition or label can have on the youth with whom they study or work.Much of the research literature suggests that gang affiliation often provides psychological, social and/or economic benefits, and that those who become involved with gangs do so to meet unfulfilled needs (Chettleburgh, 2007; Wortley & Tanner, 2006).Public Safety Canada continues to support effective youth gang prevention and intervention strategies that are known to work based on empirical evidence and lessons learned from past implementation and evaluation experiences.The views expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of Public Safety Canada. The first recorded work on gangs in Canada was a study of juveniles in street gangs in Toronto by Kenneth H. Since that time, many research and evaluation studies have been added to this growing field.

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