Grade 1 Spondylothesis

Illustration of the Spinal Column and Location of a Pars Fracture (Spondylolysis) The lower portion of the spinal column is called the lumbar spine.When fractures occur on both sides, it is possible for one vertebra to translate or move forward or backward over the neighboring vertebra; this is called spondylolisthesis.Those with a pars fracture may feel pain and stiffness in the lower back that is worsened with activity and improves with rest.These are separate but sometimes related conditions.Spondylolysis is a spinal fracture of a bone structure called the pars interarticularis, which connects the facet joints of the spine.In this way, the condition can be a direct result of spondylolysis.However, there is another form of this condition, called degenerative spondylolisthesis.Specifically, this is common in offensive and defensive linemen.The vertebra initially responds to increased physical strain of such activity by gradually adding new bone cells around the stressed area of the spine.In children and adolescents, spondylolysis usually occurs in those who play sports that put repeated stress on the lower back, such as gymnastics and football.It can also result from a spinal birth defect or trauma.

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