Homework And Academic Achievement

Homework And Academic Achievement-58
It states, “Most educators agree that for children in grades K–2, homework is more effective when it does not exceed 10–20 minutes each day; older children, in grades 3–6, can handle 30–60 minutes a day; in junior and senior high, the amount of homework will vary by subject.” In this article, the authors summarize research conducted in the United States since 1987 on the effects of homework. The authors found that all studies, regardless of type, had design flaws. These recommendations are consistent with the conclusions reached by our analysis.However, both within and across design types, there was generally consistent evidence for a positive influence of homework on achievement. Practice assignments do improve scores on class tests at all grade levels.Homework usually falls into one of the 3 categories: preparation, practice and extension. A student should be given homework according to the requirement of the next class or lesson.

It states, “Most educators agree that for children in grades K–2, homework is more effective when it does not exceed 10–20 minutes each day; older children, in grades 3–6, can handle 30–60 minutes a day; in junior and senior high, the amount of homework will vary by subject.” In this article, the authors summarize research conducted in the United States since 1987 on the effects of homework. The authors found that all studies, regardless of type, had design flaws. These recommendations are consistent with the conclusions reached by our analysis.However, both within and across design types, there was generally consistent evidence for a positive influence of homework on achievement. Practice assignments do improve scores on class tests at all grade levels.

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The average correlation between time spent on homework and achievement was substantial for secondary school students, but for elementary school students, it hovered around no relationship at all. Younger children have less developed study habits and are less able to tune out distractions at home.

Studies also suggest that young students who are struggling in school take more time to complete homework assignments simply because these assignments are more difficult for them. The National Parent Teacher Association and the National Education Association have a parents’ guide called Helping Your Child Get the Most Out of Homework. Many school district policies state that high school students should expect about 30 minutes of homework for each academic course they take (a bit more for honors or advanced placement courses).

I've written here and elsewhere about the negative impact of excessive, meaningless, or otherwise poorly thought-out homework, so I welcomed this guest post with a balanced look at the up-side of this fundamental educational construct.

– KW There has always been a debate among the teachers and parents about homework.

More than three fourths (78%) did not think homework interfered with family time, and nearly as many (71%) thought that it was not a source of major stress. Pleasing a majority of parents regarding homework is about as good as they can hope for, even with a fair number of dissenters.

But opinions cannot tell us whether homework works; only research can.

Studies that reported simple homework-achievement correlations revealed evidence that a stronger correlation existed in grades 7–12 than in grades K–6 and when students, rather than parents, reported time on homework. A little amount of homework may help elementary school students build study habits.

No strong evidence was found for an association between the homework-achievement link and the outcome measure (grades as opposed to standardized tests) or the subject matter (reading as opposed to math). Homework for junior high students appears to reach the point of diminishing returns after about 90 minutes a night.

The results of such studies suggest that homework can improve students’ scores on the class tests that come at the end of a topic.

Students assigned homework in second grade did better on the math tests; third and fourth graders did better on English skills and vocabulary tests; fifth graders on social studies tests; ninth through 12th graders on American history tests; and 12th graders on Shakespeare tests.

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