Literature Review On Effective Leadership Styles

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Yukl [5] defines transformational leaders as leaders with an appealing vision for their team and they intellectually stimulate others in a way that is demanding and appreciative of the individual needs of the team members, incorporating the four elements of Bass [3] in the definition.

Transactional leaders exert influence on followers based on exchanging benefits, this can be internal or external motivators, and respond to their self-interests when they achieve defined goals [3].

First of all, the model of Ha-Vikström [9] based on the theory of Blake, Shepard, and Mouton [10] shows three basic paths to think about leadership; relation-oriented or people-oriented leadership, task-oriented or goal-oriented leadership and laissez-faire leadership.

And second, the leadership model of Lewin, Lippit and White [11], describes autocratic, democratic and laissez-faire leadership.

A lot of research is based on the research done before and many different types of leadership are discussed in literature, as Suddaby [1] stresses.

This research aims to bring clarification to the most discussed types of leadership in the past five years.

The research method is a systematic literature review.

Systematic literature reviews started in the medical sciences and were developed because of a need to describe objective, generalizable and reliable data from literature on the application of medicine and treatment methods [17].

As the laissez-faire leader believes people are unpredictable and uncontrollable and understanding people is a waste of time, this leader maintains a low profile and works with whatever structure is available without any suggestions or criticism [6] [7] [8].

The leadership model of Bass [3] shows a lot of similarities with two other well-known models of leadership.

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