The audience for this essay is the opinion section of the Sunday New York Times. The largest percentage of readers are between the ages of 35 and 44, and the majority of readers have either a college degree or a graduate degree. The death penalty is an issue that has the United States quite divided.
While there are many supporters of it, there is also a large amount of opposition.
The eighth amendment to the United States Constitution prevents cruel and unusual punishment.
Many opponents of capital punishment say that execution is cruel and unusual punishment and therefore violates the Constitution.
This lack of malice is proven in the simple definition of retribution: “retribution is a state sponsored, rational response to criminality that is justified given that the state is the victim when a crime occurs” (“Justifications for Capital Punishment).
The death penalty puts the scales of justice back in balance after they were unfairly tipped towards the criminal.Some may argue that there is not enough concrete evidence to use deterrence as an argument for the death penalty.The reason some evidence may be inconclusive is that the death penalty often takes a while to be carried out; some prisoners sit on death row for years before being executed.They fear most death deliberately inflicted by law and scheduled by the courts….Hence, the threat of the death penalty may deter some murderers who otherwise might not have been deterred.Inmates are first given a large dose of an anesthetic so they do not feel any pain (Bosner); this proves that the process is made as humane as possible so the inmates do not physically suffer.Although the issue of morality is very personal for many people, it is important to see the facts and realize that capital punishment does take morality into account and therefore is carried out in the best way possible.There are many reasons as to why I believe the death penalty should be legalized in all states, including deterrence, retribution, and morality; and because opposing arguments do not hold up, I will refute the ideas that the death penalty is unconstitutional, irrevocable mistakes are made, and that there is a disproportionality of race and income level.The use of capital punishment greatly deters citizens from committing crimes such as murder.Ehrlich’s argument was also backed up by studies following his that had similar results.Capital punishment also acts as a deterrent for recidivism (the rate at which previously convicted criminals return to committing crimes after being released); if the criminal is executed he has no opportunity to commit crimes again.