The purpose of this paper is to describe and provide examples for effective and ineffective problem-focused, emotion-focused, and biology-focused coping mechanisms and explain why each is effective or ineffective.In addition, its goal is to explain two approaches appropriate to address common ineffective coping mechanisms for parents of developmentally disabled children.
The purpose of this paper is to describe and provide examples for effective and ineffective problem-focused, emotion-focused, and biology-focused coping mechanisms and explain why each is effective or ineffective.In addition, its goal is to explain two approaches appropriate to address common ineffective coping mechanisms for parents of developmentally disabled children.Tags: Pet Peeves Essay IntroductionE. E. Cummings Biography EssayMilkshake Business PlanComputer Repair Shop Business PlanProblem Solving Maths Ks1Essay On Writer PremchandProfit Sharing Plans For Small Business
Effective Emotion-Focused Coping Strategy For example, when an individual's spouse is diagnosed with a terminal illness, the healthy partner cannot change the diagnosis.
In this case, the most effective way to manage the stress is for the healthy partner to change his or her perspective or appraisal of the stressor (Laureate Education, Inc., 2012).
In addition, problem-focused coping may include employing information seeking, or developing strategies to avoid the source of the stress. Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews, 13(4), 357-369.
Effective Problem-Focused Coping For example, an individual plans to host Thanksgiving dinner for 27 people, but finds the thought of preparing such a feast extraordinarily stressful.
These coping mechanisms involve a cognitive reappraisal process that includes self-reflection and taking control over one's emotions (Carver, 2011).
Rather than changing the problem, as in problem-focused coping, emotion-focused coping examines the emotional response to the stressor. The overarching goal for this type of coping is to reduce or remove the cause of the stressor. This type of coping focuses on individuals' taking control of the relationship between them and the stressor (Lazarus, 1991). Primary and secondary effects of parenting and stress management interventions for parents of children with developmental disabilities: A meta-analysis. In this case, changing one's emotional response to needing to make a payment in a timely manner will not help change the problem. Problem solving may be more appropriate since the stressor, (making late payments) is changeable. Problem-focused coping could help her weigh her options and plan how she is going to accomplish the move. Emotion-focused coping could help her accept that she must move and it has the potential to help her find at least one benefit in moving. A biology-focused approach will not be effective in this example because she has a changeable problem that is best mitigated by problem solving or problem-focused coping strategies that will help her take action to remove the stressor (Carver, 2011). Effective Coping for Parents of Developmentally Disabled Children Emotion-Focused Coping Mechanisms One appropriate means of addressing ineffective coping in parents of developmentally disabled children is emotion-focused coping because of the negative and isolating thoughts associated with parenting these children. Emotion-focused coping: a primary defense against stress for people living with spinal cord injury. Examples of Coping Mechanisms Problem-Focused Coping Problem-focused coping focuses on the changing or modifying the fundamental cause of the stress. Coping through emotional approach: Scale construction and validation.This can be an effective method of coping when it is practical, and the stressor is changeable or modifiable. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78(6), 1150-1169.