Sometimes you may be asked to synthesize your own ideas, theory, or research with those of the texts you have been assigned.
In your other college classes you'll probably find yourself synthesizing information from graphs and tables, pieces of music, and art works as well.
Sometimes the wording of your assignment will direct you to what sorts of themes or traits you should look for in your synthesis.
At other times, though, you may be assigned two or more sources and told to synthesize them.
The background synthesis requires that you bring together background information on a topic and organize it by topic rather than by source.
Instructors often assign background syntheses at the early stages of the research process, before students have developed a thesis--and they can be helpful to students conducting large research projects even if they are not assigned.In the previous example, the student might notice that no two colleges seem to agree on what constitutes "co-curricular," and decide to research this question in more depth, perhaps examining trends in higher education and offering an argument about what this newest trend seems to reveal.Sometimes there is very little obvious difference between a background synthesis and a thesis-driven synthesis, especially if the paper answers the question "what information must we know in order to understand this topic, and why?This gives your synthesis a purpose, and even a thesis of sorts.Because each discipline has specific rules and expectations, you should consult your professor or a guide book for that specific discipline if you are asked to write a review of the literature and aren't sure how to do it. It may involve analysis, as well, along with classification, and division as you work on your organization.(1) It accurately reports information from the sources using different phrases and sentences; (2) It is organized in such a way that readers can immediately see where the information from the sources overlap;.(3) It makes sense of the sources and helps the reader understand them in greater depth.The basic research report (described below as a background synthesis) is very common in the business world.Whether one is proposing to open a new store or expand a product line, the report that must inevitably be written will synthesize information and arrange it by topic rather than by source.Although at its most basic level a synthesis involves combining two or more summaries, synthesis writing is more difficult than it might at first appear because this combining must be done in a meaningful way and the final essay must generally be thesis-driven.In composition courses, “synthesis” commonly refers to writing about printed texts, drawing together particular themes or traits that you observe in those texts and organizing the material from each text according to those themes or traits.