Freud believed that "the result is a murderous rage against the father..a desire to possess the mother" (1016).
Freud believed that "the result is a murderous rage against the father..a desire to possess the mother" (1016).Tags: Human Biology Research Paper TopicsReview LiteratureModel Citizen EssayFarewell To Manzanar EssayWhat Is The Business PlanHow To Solve Hair Loss ProblemDissertation PrefaceHomework Help Tvo
Based on this work, Freud asserted that people's behavior is affected by their unconscious: "..notion that human beings are motivated, even driven, by desires, fears, needs, and conflicts of which they are unaware..." (Tyson 14-15).
Freud believed that our unconscious was influenced by childhood events.
Freud organized these events into developmental stages involving relationships with parents and drives of desire and pleasure where children focus "..different parts of the body...starting with the mouth...shifting to the oral, anal, and phallic phases..." (Richter 1015).
These stages reflect base levels of desire, but they also involve fear of loss (loss of genitals, loss of affection from parents, loss of life) and repression: "..expunging from consciousness of these unhappy psychological events" (Tyson 15).
The Unconscious, the Desires, and the Defenses Freud began his psychoanalytic work in the 1880s while attempting to treat behavioral disorders in his Viennese patients.
He dubbed the disorders 'hysteria' and began treating them by listening to his patients talk through their problems.In girls, the castration complex does not take the form of anxiety..result is a frustrated rage in which the girl shifts her sexual desire from the mother to the father" (1016).Freud believed that eventually, the girl's spurned advances toward the father give way to a desire to possess a man like her father later in life.Based on these commonalities, Jung developed archetypal myths, the : "...a quaternion composing a whole, the unified self of which people are in search" (Richter 505).These archetypes are the Shadow, the Anima, the Animus, and the Spirit: "...beneath...[the Shadow] is the Anima, the feminine side of the male Self, and the Animus, the corresponding masculine side of the female Self" (Richter 505).Freud and Jung Both Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung are famous psychoanalysists with unique approaches to personality.At one point they shared many of the same theories and had a deep friendship.In literary analysis, a Jungian critic would look for archetypes (also see the discussion of Northrop Frye in the Structuralism section) in creative works: "Jungian criticism is generally involved with a search for the embodiment of these symbols within particular works of art." (Richter 505).When dealing with this sort of criticism, it is often useful to keep a handbook of mythology and a dictionary of symbols on hand.Tyson reminds us, however, that "...repression doesn't eliminate our painful experiences and emotions..unconsciously behave in ways that will allow us to 'play out'..conflicted feelings about the painful experiences and emotions we repress" (15).To keep all of this conflict buried in our unconscious, Freud argued that we develop defenses: selective perception, selective memory, denial, displacement, projection, regression, fear of intimacy, and fear of death, among others.