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In this center, the maguey sap, known as aguamiel (honeywater), collects.Pulque has been drunk for at least 1,000 years, and its origins are the subject of various stories and myths. It was thought that the aguamiel collecting in the center of the plant was her blood.
Maguey has been cultivated at least since 200 CE in Tula, Tulancingo and Teotihuacan, and wild plants have been exploited for far longer. Fibers can be extracted from the thick leaves to make rope or fabric, its thorns can be used as needles or punches and the membrane covering the leaves can be used as paper or for cooking.
The name maguey was given by the Spanish, who picked it up from the Taíno.
In this way, the making of pulque passed from being a home-made brew to one commercially produced.
The casta system of racial hierarchy was created in Spanish America for elites to classify individuals into groups based on phenotype and perceived social class, and give them characteristics that were supposedly inherent to their group. This form of Mexican art portrayed castas in settings that were typical of their social group.
The most likely means of the discovery of aguamiel and fermented pulque was from the observation of rodents who gnaw and scratch at the plant to drink the seeping sap.
Fermentation of the aguamiel can take place within the plant itself.
It was drunk by priests and sacrificial victims, to increase the priests' enthusiasm and to ease the suffering of the victim.
There are many references in Aztec codices, such as the Borbonicus Codex, of pulque's use by nobility and priesthood to celebrate victories.
Other deities, such as the Centzon Totochtin (400 rabbits) are associated with it, by representing the drink's effects, and are the children of Mayahuel. The rivers he set were generally straight except when he was drunk.
(opossum), who used his human-like hands to dig into the maguey and extract the naturally fermenting juice. Then they follow Tlacuache's meandering path from cantina to cantina.