What Was The Frontier Thesis

What Was The Frontier Thesis-53
Considered as the founding father of Western history, Frederick Jackson Turner is famous for a lecture he gave in 1893, entitled "The Significance of the Frontier in American History".

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The "process" at the heart of the frontier experience thus redefines the newcomers’ cultural and national identity, and integrates them into a new, specifically American society.

Observing that three centuries of westward expansion bred national traits that distinguish Americans from Europeans, Turner claimed that "to the frontier the American intellect owes its striking characteristics" (Turner 37), such as individualism, energy, optimism and enthusiasm.

Ecrivant à la fin du dix-neuvième siècle, le père fondateur de l’histoire de l’Ouest, Frederick Jackson Turner, considère que la singularité du caractère américain résulte de l’expérience de la Frontière.

C’est en participant au peuplement de l’Ouest, au contact de la Frontière, loin de l’Est et de l’Europe, que l’Américain se serait construit.

La conception de l’Ouest en tant que région marque alors le passage à une histoire régionale, loin de la vision turnérienne, qui assimilait l’histoire de la nation à celle de l’Ouest.

Plus récemment, les spécialistes du domaine ont cherché à replacer l’Ouest dans un contexte international, en le présentant comme un carrefour où se sont croisés des peuples venus non seulement de l’Est, mais aussi du Sud, du Nord, et de l’Ouest.Billington and Mood also add that the Frontier Thesis is meant to test a new approach to history that Turner had been developing since the beginning of his academic career.We can fully understand it, then, only by setting it within the framework of the assumptions and goals of his 1891 essay, “The Significance of History,” Turner's only attempt to sketch a philosophy of history.Turner’s frontier thesis constitutes a landmark document in American historiography for several reasons.First, Turner rejects the "germ theory", which claimed that American institutions and customs had been imported from Europe, therefore stressing the continuity of institutions and de-emphasizing the significance of American experience.Criticism culminated in the emergence of "New Western History", in the late 1980s.Rejecting the notion of frontier altogether, New Historians suggested a rewriting of the Western past that focused on the West as a region, with geographical limits and specific characteristics distinguishing it from the other American regions.The link between the “instinct for moving” and the development of human history and culture was forcefully made by Turner in an 1891 address to the Madison Literary Club: “The colonizing spirit is one form of the nomadic instinct.L’Ouest américain est souvent présenté comme ayant un statut à part dans la construction de l’identité américaine.Throughout the twentieth century, historians have tried to assess the significance of the West, regarded, by some critics, as "the most distinctively American part of America" (Bryce 315).In the late nineteenth century, Frederick Jackson Turner, the founding father of Western history, attributed the unique American character to the experience of the frontier.

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  • Free Essays on Frontier Thesis -
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    Frontier Thesis. In 1893, historian Fredrick Jackson Turner offered his now- famous “ frontier thesis ” at the World’s Fair in Chicago, Illinois. Turner’s thesis rapidly became popular among intellectuals. It explained why the American communities as well as the American government were very different from Europeans.…

  • Turner Frontier Thesis Fredrick Jackson Turner Frontier.
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    This argument is known as the frontier thesis. Turner frontier thesis was first announced in a paper entitled “The Significance of the Frontier in the American History” and delivered to American Historical Association in 1893. Fredrick Jackson frontier thesis emphasized the process the moving frontier line and impact of the moving frontier line on pioneers suffering through this process.…

  • How did turner's frontier thesis effect American history.
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    Who accredited the frontier as the defining element of American individualism? The Frontier Thesis was first postulated by Frederick Jackson Turner in 1893, in his paper "On the Significance of.…

  • Frederick Jackson Turner's Frontier Thesis - Blogger
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    Frederick Turner's Frontier thesis focuses on the role the frontier has had on American history and growth. In his thesis Turner argues that the frontier has played the most significant role in American history, and that all major events in our history have been someway involved with the frontier.…

  • Frederick Jackson Turner, "Significance of the Frontier"
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    Frederick Jackson Turner remains one of the most influential historians of America's past, and his famous frontier thesis is related to the above idea, in that his basic idea is that constant contact with an open frontier for almost 300 years of American history contributed to America's uniqueness—or exceptionalism.…

  • End of the Frontier - AP U. S. History Topic Outlines - Study.
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    Critics have pointed out that while Turner’s thesis addressed the psychological state of mainstream, English-speaking America, it did not take into account other people living in the country. The history of the frontier would certainly appear in a different light from the perspective of Native Americans, Hispanics, blacks, and women.…

  • Frontier Thesis - Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2
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    The Frontier Thesis or Turner Thesis, is the argument advanced by historian Frederick Jackson Turner in 1893 that American democracy was formed by the American frontier. He stressed the process—the moving frontier line—and the impact it had on pioneers going through the process.…

  • The Turner Thesis An Annotated Bibliography for Students
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    A critique of Turner's frontier thesis noting the contradictions within itself and the absence of Indian contributions. Limerick recognizes the current popularity of Turner's thesis, but also proposes the emergence of a new urban/industrial, diverse, frontier thesis.…

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