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For example, let's say you want to quote from the following passage in an essay called "United Shareholders of America," by Jacob Weisberg: The citizen-investor serves his fellow citizens badly by his inclination to withdraw from the community. He does so by focusing his pursuit of happiness on something that very seldom makes people happy in the way they expect it to.
To make a substitution this important, however, you had better be sure that [money] is what the final phrase meant -- if the author intentionally left it ambiguous, you would be significantly altering his meaning.
That would make you guilty of fraudulent attribution.
Taking the exact words from an original source is called quoting.
You should quote material when you believe the way the original author expresses an idea is the most effective means of communicating the point you want to make.
Omit quotation marks as you begin the quote on a new line, indenting it 1 inch from the left margin; you do not have to indent the right margin.
Double-space the quotation, place a period at the end and then include the citation information.Although it stood with its head raised, even its yellowed wings had been eaten by insects.He thought of his entire life and felt tears and cruel laughter welling up inside. With this gesture Akutagawa ironizes the impossibility of truly writing the self by emphasizing the inevitable split that must occur between writing and written “self,” the Akutagawa still writing “A Fool's Life” cannot possibly be identical with the narrated persona which has finished the work.If you want to borrow an idea from an author, but do not need his or her exact words, you should try paraphrasing instead of quoting.Most of the time, paraphrasing and summarizing your sources is sufficient (but remember that you still have to cite them! If you think it’s important to quote something, an excellent rule of thumb is that for every line you quote, you should have at least two lines analyzing it.Do so following the documentation style recommended by your teacher -- most likely American Psychological Association or Modern Language Association style.APA, which sets style rules for papers written in the field of social science, refers to quotes with more than 40 words as a block quotation.If you are quoting multiple paragraphs, indent only the first line by an extra ¼ inch.Quotes can speak volumes, but only if your reader knows who's talking and understands the context.In this case, however, the paragraph following the one quoted explains that the author is referring to money, so it is okay.As a general rule, it is okay to make minor grammatical and stylistic changes to make the quoted material fit in your paper, but it is not okay to significantly alter the structure of the material or its content.