font, margins, spacing), title page, abstract, body, text citations, quotations.It will help you considerably if your topic for your literature review is the one on which you intend to do your final M. project, or is in some way related to the topic of your final project.
I also provide links at the end of this guide to resources that you should use in order to search the literature and as you write your review.
In addition to using the step-by-step guide that I have provided below, I also recommend that you (a) locate examples of literature reviews in your field of study and skim over these to get a feel for what a literature review is and how these are written (I have also provided links to a couple of examples at the end of these guidelines (b) read over other guides to writing literature reviews so that you see different perspectives and approaches: Some examples are: Read through the links provided below on APA guidelines so that you become familiar with the common core elements of how to write in APA style: in particular, pay attention to general document guidelines (e.g.
In writing the literature review, your purpose is to convey to your reader what knowledge and ideas have been established on a topic, and what their strengths and weaknesses are.
As a piece of writing, the literature review must be defined by a guiding concept (e.g., your research objective, the problem or issue you are discussing, or your argumentative thesis).
These guidelines are adapted primarily from Galvan (2006).
Galvan outlines a very clear, step-by-step approach that is very useful to use as you write your review.
You will need to critically analyse each source for how they contribute to the themes you are researching.
Once you have decided on a research area/topic you’d like to study, and have formulated a research question, you need to review the literature on that topic.
A literature review is an account of what has been published on a topic by accredited scholars and researchers.
Occasionally you will be asked to write one as a separate assignment (sometimes in the form of an annotated bibliography—see the bottom of the next page), but more often it is part of the introduction to an essay, research report, or thesis.